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La plupart des musulmans qui ont eu la chance d’accomplir le Hajj ont dclar que cette exprience avait chang leur vie. Cela est encore plus vrai pour certaines personnes que pour d’autres.

Malcolm X, ou al Hajj Malik El Shabazz, est un musulman qui a dcouvert le vritable islam lorsqu’il a accompli le Hajj au mois d’avril 1964. En tant qu’ex membre et confrencier de la Nation de l’islam, un mouvement nationaliste et spirituel rserv aux personnes de race noire, il croyait que l’homme blanc tait le diable et que l’homme noir lui tait suprieur.

Aprs avoir quitt la nation de l’islam, en mars 1964, il s’est rendu au Hajj, ce qui lui a permis de modifier de faon radicale sa vision des Blancs et du racisme.

Voici un extrait de la lettre que al Hajj Malik El Shabazz a crite ses anciens confrres de Harlem, une lettre crite du fond du cur, qui raconte son exprience en dtail. Il leur explique ce qui l’a fait changer d’avis sur le racisme au cours de son voyage. Il est important de garder l’esprit que cette lettre a t crite un moment o l’histoire des Noirs amricains, aux tats Unis, tait en pleine bullition, un moment o des sicles d’oppression taient enfin dnoncs et condamns en public.[1]

je n’ai connu d’hospitalit aussi sincre ni de fraternit aussi bouleversante que celles des hommes et des femmes de toutes races runis sur cette vieille Terre Sainte, patrie d’Abraham, de Mohamed et des autres prophtes des Saintes critures. Durant toute la semaine qui vient de passer, j’ai t la fois interdit et charm par la bont et la gentillesse dployes, autour de moi, par des personnes de toutes les couleurs. J’ai pri dans l’ancienne cit de Mina et j’ai pri sur le Mont Arafat. Ils taient de toutes les races, il y avait des blonds aux yeux bleus et des noirs africains. Mais nous nous soumettions tous aux mmes rituels, dans un esprit d’unit et de fraternit que mes expriences, aux tats Unis, m’avaient amen croire impossible entre un Blanc et un Noir. travers mes voyages dans le monde musulman, j’ai rencontr, discut et mme mang avec des gens que nous aurions considr comme des Blancs, aux Etats Unis mais la mentalit du Blanc tait absente de leur esprit et avait t remplace par l’islam. Jamais auparavant je n’avais vu une telle fraternit runissant des gens de toutes les races. Mais ce que j’ai vu et vcu au cours de ce plerinage m’a oblig rviser certaines ides qui taient miennes, rejeter certaines conclusions auxquelles j’tais parvenu. Cela n’a d’ailleurs pas t trs difficile. Car en dpit de mes fermes convictions, j’ai toujours t un homme qui sait faire face la ralit et qui l’accepte, qui aime vivre de nouvelles expriences et apprendre de nouvelles choses. J’ai toujours gard un esprit ouvert, ce qui est ncessaire une flexibilit qui va de pair avec toute qute intelligente de la vrit. Dans leurs paroles comme dans leurs actes, les musulmans sont aussi sincres que les musulmans d’Afrique, qu’ils soient du Nigria, du Soudan ou du Ghana. Nous sommes vritablement frres. Parce qu’ils croient en un seul Dieu, ils excluent de leur esprit, de leurs actes et de leurs comportements toutes considrations raciales.

pens, en les voyant, que si les Blancs amricains admettaient l’Unicit de Dieu, ils pourraient peut tre admettre galement l’unicit de l’homme et ils cesseraient de s’affronter, de nuire autrui pour des raisons de couleur.

racisme tant le vritable cancer de l’Amrique, nos “chrtiens” blancs devraient se pencher sur la solution islamique du problme; solution qui a fait ses preuves, et qui pourrait peut tre intervenir temps pour sauver l’Amrique d’une catastrophe imminente celle l mme qui s’est abattue sur l’Allemagne raciste et qui a fini par dtruire les Allemands eux mmes.

heure passe ici en Terre Sainte m’a permis de mieux comprendre le problme racial des tats Unis. On ne saurait blmer le Noir pour son agressivit dans ce domaine il ne fait que ragir quatre sicles de racisme conscient de la part des Blancs. si le racisme mne l’Amrique au suicide, je crois que les jeunes Blancs de la nouvelle gnration, ceux des universits, verront ce qui crve les yeux, et que nombre d’entre eux opteront pour la vrit spirituelle. C’est le seul moyen qu’ait encore l’Amrique d’viter le dsastre auquel mne invitablement le racisme.

je n’ai t honor comme ici. Jamais je ne me suis senti plus humble et plus digne. Qui aurait cru qu’un simple Noir amricain serait combl de tant de bndictions. Il y a quelques nuits de cela, un homme que l’on aurait appel un blanc aux Etats Unis, un diplomate de l’ONU, un ambassadeur, un ami des rois, m’a gracieusement cd sa suite l’htel, m’a donn son lit pour la nuit. Jamais je n’aurais mme rv d’tre l’objet d’un pareil honneur, d’un honneur qui, aux Etats Unis, aurait t rserv un roi, et non un Noir. La gnrosit et l’ouverture d’esprit des musulmans, partout o il a t reu, ont laiss sur lui une vive impression. Par le pass, je me suis laiss utiliser () pour porter des accusations gnralises contre les Blancs, contre la race blanche tout entire, et ces gnralisations ont port atteinte certains Blancs qui ne mritaient peut tre pas d’tre attaqus. Aprs l’illumination spirituelle que j’ai eu le bonheur de recevoir la suite de mon rcent plerinage la cit sainte de la Mecque, je ne souscris plus aucune accusation gnralise contre aucune race. Je concentrerai dsormais mes nergies vivre la vie d’un vritable musulman sunnite. Je tiens rpter que je ne suis pas un raciste et que je ne souscris pas aux principes du racisme. Je peux affirmer, en toute sincrit, que je ne souhaite rien d’autre que la libert, la justice et l’galit, une vie libre et une qute sincre du bonheur pour tous les peuples.

[1] Tir de l’ouvrage The Autobiography of Malcolm X .

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The two RCMP officers who forced their way into Christian Duckchief Siksika home, violently arrested him for criminal charges, which were subsequently dropped by the Crown, and then dragged him off stark naked to the Gleichen RCMP detachment, where he was paraded through the station, still naked, must have missed the training sessions where they would undoubtedly have been coached on building trust and respect with Indigenous people. There may be some as yet unproven justification (doubtful) for the force used in the arrest, but the basic affront to decency by not allowing Mr. Duckchief to protect his modesty cannot be justified. I offer a public apology, as a shocked Canadian, to Duckchief and his family, and I hope they are successful in their lawsuit.JOHN H. MacLEANDoes anything (Prime Minister Justin Trudeau) says surprise us anymore? Has he actually said anything that is relevant or of substance since he took a seat in the PM office? Now apparently he thinks the word should be stricken from our vocabulary and replaced with the less offensive If this is another example of the PM becoming the moral compass for Canadians, then I quite content to wander aimlessly. Forgive my manners, but I simply have no respect for this dude who has become an embarrassment for all Canadians.BOB GRUNDIE(Never a dull moment with Justin.)IT’S A BOONDOGGLEDid anyone really think that Mayor (Naheed) Nenshi, a couple of NDP politicians and some city baggage handlers were going to be the only ones at the trough, jet setting off on an all inclusive taxpayer paid vacation to the 2018 Winter Olympics in South Korea? If Nenshi goes, you have to think that former Calgary top cop, marijuana entrepreneur and 2026 Calgary Olympic bid (exploration) committee head cheerleader Rick Hanson will have to be included, racking up some big air miles as well. Anyone want to make a bet that Nenshi and the rest of the holidayers land in Pyeongchang with white cowboy hats and some spiffy new winter gear that includes jackets, toques, and gloves all emblazoned with a Calgary 2026 logo.(Ye of little faith.)SLIP SLIDIN’ AWAYInstead of the city just shaving everything down as smooth as glass, they should maybe throw some sand down as well. Perhaps they should just throw down piles of sand here and there and we could just carry it about on our tires as we drive through them. On a higher note, I have not seen anyone that has been driving crazily.(We’re going nowhere fast on those roads.)All of these freeloaders that are going to the Olympics on the taxpayer dime must really think we are stupid. Either that or they are really starting to believe their own lies. There is no need to go to the Olympics on the taxpayer when Vancouver just held the Games eight years ago and should be a wealth of knowledge for these people, but that wouldn include a free trip now, would it? (Mayor) Naheed Nenshi would gladly lose a billion or two for his He cares nothing about Calgary, it all about him.
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This photo shows the front page of the Minot Daily News on Feb. 1, 1918, when people were anticipating the end of World War I.

In commemoration of the 100th anniversary of World War I, this is part three of a three part series with letters written by World War I military members from Ward County and other area counties.

Letters from The Great War is a project conducted by students of Joseph T. Stuart, associate professor of history at the University of Mary in Bismarck. Students researched archives at the North Dakota Heritage Center to provide transcripts for use by the North Dakota Newspaper Association and the North Dakota World War I Centennial Committee.

Editor Note: The following letter was written by Roy Grinnell, who was stationed in Germany, to his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Grinnell. Roy has been in most of the big scraps across the pond, being a member of the division that held the first American sector which was near Toul. It was published in the Tolley Journal on Feb. 13, 1918.

Dear Folks: Well I am heartily ashamed of myself for not writing sooner. It must be more than a month now since I wrote. But we were on the march up from Verdun to our present position about 30 kilometers north east of Coblenz, in Rhineish Prussia; so there is some excuse for not writing before.

I got a few letters from home last night, the latest of which was dated Nov. 25th. I have been getting magazines and newspapers quite regularily [sic] of late. In fact I believe that the last two weeks I have got at least 25 magazines. They surely were very welcome.

I am surprised to notice from your letter of the 17th of Nov. that you were seemingly worrying for fear I had got back to the front again before peace had been signed and possibly been hurt again as you hadn heard from me for some few weeks. I didn get back to my outfit until the 16th of November just in time to start forward with my outfit in the hike to the Rhine. I was in a replacement camp at LeMans near Tours in France when the armistice was signed.

Winter has set in here now to stay, I guess. We had about half an inch of snow Christmas and it stayed with us. It is fairly cold here now and I think it will snow again tonight by the looks of the sky. We are comfortably housed however so the cold mean nothing to us. We are billeted in an unused cafe and have a good stove and plenty of firewood so we do very well. I am feeling wonderfully well now days too.

We had a pretty fair Christmas for being so far from home. We went out in the woods and cut a small pine tree and decorated it with odds and ends we picked up around the billets, such as tin foil, bright colored paper etc. Then we borrowed a piano, mandolin and a violin and had lots of music and songs. In the evening we got a couple of sacks of mail which took the place of Christmas presents. Last Christmas was surely a lonesome one in Winchester, England. Next will be the best of all as I will be home again.

You say you never received the coupon for my Christmas package. I was in the hospital at Bordeaux then and for some reason or other they didn issue them there. I believe you can get them from the local Red Cross chapter by swearing that you have not as yet received them from Jack and me.

I have surely seen a lot of country on foot the last month and a half. Just look at map of Europe and locate Verdun in France, then trace a route thru the corner of German Lorraine, thru the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, by way of the capital city, to the part of the Luxembourg boundary that is formed by the Moselle River. There we crossed the river into Germany and followed the course of the Moselle to where it joined the Rhine at Coblenz. There we crossed the Rhine, on the 13th of the present month it was, and proceeded north east about 20 miles to the little town where we are now located. We were from the 17th of November to the 15th of December on the march, except for a week or so that we stopped along the Moselle on the Luxembourg border.

I wonder if I ever told you what division I am in. It is the 1st Division, composed of the 16th, 18th, 26th and 28th Infantry the 5th, 6th and 7th Field Artillery, the 1st Amm. Train, 1st supply Train etc. Our division was the first to go to the trenches as you may know. They went into the trenches in late October, 1917 near Nancy where they stayed about a month. That was a training sector only. They occupied the first American Sector on the 19th of Jan. 1918 near Toul. That was shortly after I joined them so it was my first experience in the trenches.

It was the 28th Infantry of our division that took Cantiguy [sic] on May 28th. Our division fought at Soissons from July 18th to 22nd in which we had some very tough fighting with the Prussian Guards who put up a stiff resistance. We also fought at St. Mihiel, the Argonne Front and in the last drive of the war that took them to Sedan. I was unfortunate enough to miss the Sedan scrap as I was in the hospital as you know with the scratch I got in the Argonne.

However perhaps I was fortunate because if I hadn been slightly wounded I might have got bumped off in the later scraps.

I hope Clyde don move to Minneapolis as he intends. I am sure he wouldn like it very well.

Well I guess this is the longest letter I have ever written and am tired so will close for this time.

Friends: Have considered writing a letter to my home town newspaper quite a long while but have never been able to wind up enough courage to start. We have nothing to do except eat, sleep, and get up in the morning; the latter is by far the hardest job I have because I surely do like my bunk when reveille is heard. The last two mornings, however, have been without reveille as our trumpeter has taken sick with the and sent to the hospital. Several others have gone also so that he is not alone in his suffering. The company has been quarantined and relieved of guard duty and that accounts for us not having anything to do except sit around the fire and tell stories and lies and what not.

When we first came to this camp things were not in as good a shape as might be wished for. I have reference to our bunks in our barracks. They were bunks all right, but our idea of a bunk did not quite compare with the fellow who built them. During the day we had seen huge piles of lumber in the camp and so our commander asked the army quartermaster for some lumber. The request was refused. right, thought we, will soon be evening. Evening came and we organized a lumber detail. In an hour time we had all the lumber we wanted. No one came to take it away either. Stove wood details have also been organized and marched off after dark to return with a week supply of wood. Leave it to the Marines. They help themselves if there is no one who wants to give them any thing [sic]. The seem to have gotten our number lately. They call us the 11th Regiment of thieves. How near correct they are only a marine in the 11th., [sic] Regiment knows. The Americans in France have rather rough traveling at times. Especially in regard to prices of articles they want to buy. The French have three prices on their stuff: one price to the French, which is very low and reasonable, another, a little higher, to the British soldiers, and still a third price for the Americans which is three times what they ask for it from the French. I know of instance to prove what they say. When I first came here I was short of writing paper and the first time I was in town I bought a box of stationery for six francs, ($1.20). A box full of stationey [sic] did not last long as other used paper from the same box and so the next time I went to town I decided to buy another box. Loafing on the streets of Chateauroux for a while before making our purchase. I met a French soldier who could speak English fluently. We had a nice conversation and incidently [sic] told him what we wanted to buy. He told us we had paid too much for it and at the same time offered to go in and buy one for me while we remained outside. He came back in about five minutes later with the same kind of a box of stationery as I had bought before for six francs. The soldier paid two and a half francs for the stationery.

Wines and beers have the same difference in prices to Americans and French. It is often to the regret of the vender to charge too much for his wines because it very often happens when a gang comes to buy, one or two others will slip around and get into the cellar and carry away as much as their pockets will hold. Every farm house in the country is a wine shop and wine can be bought at any time. In many places the boys can buy whiskey and beer. The French don drink water and laugh at an American for taking a dring [sic] of water. A French soldier fills his canteen with wine instead of water as the Americans do.

There are many customs that seem very queer to us. Especially the way they do their farm work. Time is no object to the French farmer. There is a day coming tomorrow for him that contains just as many hours as today and what is the use of hurrying too much, he thinks. They can do all the work now. That have sons growing who take up their father business as soon as they reach the age of discretion. Young folks marry early in life, the parents having a great deal to say as to who their children shall be married to. The Frenchman, as far as I have seen him is industrious, but not ambitious. They are contented and satisfied with their lot because their grandparents got along nicely and were well contented.

France has some very beautiful architecture in their man cathedrals and churches. Every little village has a church of its own and usually all inhabitants of the town belong to that one church. Larger cities have cathedrals built with great care and precision.

It lacks only a few days of me having been in France four months. At the end of every four months in France, a fellow is entitled to a seven day leave including traveling time. Perhaps I shall have an opportunity to see a little more of the country we have heard so much about lately.

My resources have been exhausted and my stomach is empty. The boys are waiting for the mess call. It is a sign that I have to quit and get my own mess gear. Can afford to lose out on chow.

With all good wishes from a buck private in the Marine Corps. Marine Corps, A. E. F. A. P. O. No. 788.

Renville County letters researched and transcribed by University of Mary history student Collin Hilzendeger

Editor Note: This letter was written by Hildor Elison from Luxembourg to his brother Otto on Nov. 29, 1918. It was published on Dec. 26, 1918, in the Ward County Independent.

Dear Brother: How is everything with you these happy days? I am very much alive these days and am on my way to the Rhine to keep Fritz from pulling any rough stuff. We have been right on his heels and as soon as he pulls out of a village we move in and take billets and set out a few of our guns on outpost duty, always on the alert for anything that comes up.

I am acting Top Sergeant on this wonderful trip thru Belgium, Luxemburg [sic], and to the Rhine and I do my hiking on horseback, pretty soft, but it is the first soft billet I have had since I came to France, thirteen months ago.
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Whether you say Saint Nicholas, St. Nick, Kris Kringle, Father Christmas, Santa Claus or simply Santa, you’re referring to the fourth century Greek bishop whose love, devotion and generosity to the less fortunate is mimicked throughout the world especially during the Christmas season. A season when selfishness is momentarily curtailed to celebrate God’s precious gift by mimicking Saint Nicholas’ unconditional and never ending love for the poor, sick and needy. So don’t allow the love and compassion resurrected during this Christmas season to fade away. than exists in the remainder of the world? We have a tax cut which mostly goes to the segment of the population that is doing the best in our economy and leaves out folks like we have in Macon. A city where not so many of us get up into the $75,000 $250,000 range they call the “middle class” and to corporations, which have never done as well as they have in the past four or five years. They have billions of dollars in cash reserves and paying an average tax rate of 19 percent. The big multinationals pay nothing in taxes. Tell me again why they need a tax cut on top of the deductions that aren’t being taken away?

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I’ve noticed concerns from citizens about the February 13th election on sales tax issues in McAlester. People are apprehensive they can’t trust their government. Truth is, McAlesterites, it’s a reasonable feeling and the worries are not, historically speaking, unfounded. However, if you think the current leaders misspend your dollars, you aren’t paying close attention. Our city is more transparent now than any other community I am aware of. They go to great lengths to ensure public access to actions and spending. The City not only posts agendas, they go beyond the legal requires and make their entire board packets available. This is particularly awesome because ANY person can see every financial transaction the City makes and it’s not in some confusing, unable to decipher format. These spreadsheets are specific and thorough. Watchdogs are paying attention; your local newspaper, concerned residents, citizens aspiring to run for office, auditors, and those who follow politics the way others may follow professional sports. I fall into the last category and have watched this city’s spending, use of resources, and decisions since 2011. I see a city committed to doing things the right and best way they can with the resources available. Fifteen years ago, bad things happened in our city and we learned that they had been going on for a long time. Our city now has an entirely new approach. Perhaps it’s time for us, as citizens, to go to the polls in February with a new approach and try a little trust, with verification.

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education provides meaningful careers but also creates critical, independent thinking important for the political and economic decisions facing Canadians. I also believe an understanding of science enhances our quality of life, allowing us to appreciate the wonders of our world and worlds beyond! Let Talk Science gets that message out. Foulkes joined the Let Talk Science Board of Directors in 2013 and was elected as its Chair in December 2016. She is also Chair of Tudor Pickering Holt Co. Securities Canada and a Corporate Director for Enerplus Corporation and Modern Resources.

Ms. Foulkes is an oil and gas and investment banking executive with over 30 years experience. She began her career working as a geologist in remote mining camps and on oil drilling rigs in western Canada. Her career evolved from the technical application of geoscience in hydrocarbon resource capture, to the strategic; as the architect and lead negotiator of international joint ventures.

Hilary has had a number of executive roles in both investment banking and oil and gas operations, including Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer for Penn West Exploration.

Ms. Foulkes is a Deloitte Women of Influence Speaker and a University of Waterloo Distinguished Alumni; she is a committed mentor and passionate promoter of education and science literacy. She is a member of the Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of Alberta, the Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists and the Institute of Corporate Directors.

Hilary graduated with a Bachelor of Science in Earth Science from the University of Waterloo.

the leader of a Canadian R organization, I see every day how central science, technology, engineering and math are to the advancement of our economy and society. The great work of Let Talk Science fosters interest in STEM in our youth along with many of the soft skills needed to succeed in industry. Randy Frank currently serves as a Vice Chair for Let Talk Science.

Randy is also Director of Research and Development at 3M Canada. He currently leads 3M Canada technical organization including research and development, product engineering, technical services, quality and regulatory affairs.

Dr. Frank has spent much of his career at 3M leading new product development programs in a wide variety of industries including oil and gas, telecommunications, electrical utilities, mining and automotive. His expertise is in fostering a corporate culture that encourages creativity and risk taking while still maintaining a focus on commercial success. in Polymer Chemistry from McMaster University and holds an undergraduate and Masters degree from the University of Waterloo.

volunteer with Let Talk Science because I really believe in the importance of science literacy for everyone but in particular for the children and youth of today. The world around us is changing incredibly quickly and this knowledge is essential to an individual ability to fully participate. Noble is Secretary to the Let Talk Science Board of Directors, which she joined in 2010. She is also the Corporate Secretary of the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research.

Ms. Noble began her public service career with the federal government before joining the Ontario government where she held senior positions in the Ministry of Community and Social Services before serving as a Deputy Minister. Michele served as a Deputy for 10 years across a number of ministries, including Revenue and Correctional Services and Deputy Solicitor General.

She was then appointed as Secretary of the Management Board Secretariat for six years, where she played an instrumental role in the reform of government operations including implementation of a renewed accountability framework for the Ontario Public Service. After leaving the Ontario government, Michele became a consultant in the area of public policy and administration as President of Michele Noble and Associates Inc.

Ms. Noble is the former Chair of the Board of Governors of the University of Western Ontario and of the Board of Directors of Belmont House. Michele holds a Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Economics from the University of Western Ontario and a Masters of Business Administration from York University.

and math are skills that underpin all things that we do in our everyday lives. Understanding the excitement that the Let Talk Science team brings to the education of these skills is infectious and energizing something that I want to pass onto my two sons. Granger is the Treasurer of Let Talk Science. He has been with Ernst Young LLP for 28 years, and currently as a Partner, Assurance and Advisory Business Services.

He has extensive experience working with public and private clients in the technology field, including pharmaceutical and medical device research and development companies, and manufacturing and distribution organizations in the medical industry.

Warren plays a very active role in the community and is currently a Treasurer and Executive member for the Institute of Corporate Directors, a Secretary for the Rotary Club of London Foundation and Chairperson for the Canadian Club of London.

He graduated from the University of Waterloo with a Masters of Accounting and is a member of the Chartered Accountants Association of Western Ontario.

the science of how our world works is fundamental to innovation and progress in business Lets Talk Science is all about helping young minds acquire knowledge and skills to better understand our world. I have two daughters who thirst for knowledge of how the world works and so I like to serve LTS Koolaid. Boysen has been connected to Let Talk Science as an advisor for many years, and currently serves as a Director.

Mr. Boysen is the Chief Identity Officer at SecureKey Technologies Inc. Andre is responsible for positioning SecureKey growth strategy, cultivating opportunities in new and existing markets, and promoting demand for the company solutions globally.

Prior to joining SecureKey, Andre co founded and served as Chief Technology Officer of 724 Solutions Inc. and he served as Chief Technology Officer for Footprint Software and as Chief Executive Officer for the company Asia Pacific business.

For four years,
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he was the Chief Executive Officer of Open Systems Limited. Andre also served on the boards of 724 Solutions Inc., Dexit Inc., Footprint Software Pty. Ltd., 305 Management Services and Open Identity Exchange. In 1999, he was named one of Canada Top 40 Under 40 in recognition of his vision and accomplishments.

He earned a Bachelor of Science in Computer Engineering from the University of Ottawa, a Masters of Business Administration from the Richard Ivey School of Business, and a Bachelor of Science in Mathematics Education from the University of Maine at Presque Isle. He currently lectures at Wilfred Laurier Schlegel Entrepreneurship Centre.

future is science in so many ways. We can build a prosperous, innovative society for the 21st century without strong scientific literacy and expertise. And we can do that without reaching and inspiring young people. That what Let Talk Science does so well and why I proud to help. Sancton joined the Let Talk Science Board of Directors in 2006 and is currently a Director.

Mr. Sancton is a Communications Consultant and Principal of Don Sancton Communications, in Beaconsfield, Quebec, where he advises numerous health, pharmaceutical and non profit clients. He started his career as a reporter and subsequently as an editor and publisher for a group of award winning Montreal area community newspapers.

He became the Head of Corporate Communications and Corporate Affairs for Pfizer Canada Inc. in 1995, where he managed all external communications and the national corporate philanthropy program and acted as a corporate spokesperson.

A decade later, he became National Practice Leader, Health and Pharma, for the Canadian operations of the global public affairs agency, Hill Knowlton.

Don has been a volunteer in a variety of capacities for many professional, community and nonprofit organizations and he is a graduate of McMaster University.

me, Let Talk Science is the perfect intersection between the needs of our youth, our educators, and our country; in order to create a high functioning and productive society that competes and contributes successfully in a global economy. Advancing STEM education in Canada helps build critical thinking skills which benefit learners, workers, employers and ultimately all Canadians. Thomas joined the Let Talk Science Board of Directors in 2016 and is currently a Director. Linda is also Senior Vice President, Commercial Finance, for Shaw Communications.

Over her 25 year career, Linda has acquired experience in hardware and software technology as well as consumer packaged goods. Her work in strategy, product management, marketing, finance, sales and logistics has given her valuable insights across the spectrum of core business functions.
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In support of Kelly Lovell is the new cursive writing and we have to embrace it (July 23), I encourage all Canadians to join efforts to shape learning opportunities for kids. As the founder of Let Talk Science, a national organization that has supported over 5 million youth and educators in developing their STEM skills (STEM is science, technology, engineering, math), I have witnessed dramatic changes in how we view the issue. There is growing awareness that builds critical competencies such as critical thinking, problem solving, digital skills, and resiliency and are not just content laden subjects.

It will take collective effort to ensure our kids are ready to be engaged citizens and leaders in a world aptly described by Ms. Lovell. With founding partners Amgen Canada, Trottier Family Foundation, Hill+Knowlton Strategies and 3M Canada and many champions across the country, we are redefining the future for girls and boys.

Gender issues in STEM are complex. Over the past decade, international tests in science have shown no difference in performance between girls and boys. The gender gap in math is also closing. However, confidence levels are not tied to performance and girls continue to underestimate their own abilities. The 2015 PISA report indicated that more girls than boys aspire to STEM careers overall. However, at post secondary girls are still much more likely to choose life sciences over engineering. The best outcomes will be achieved with gender balance and cultural diversity across all fields.

With respect to ICT (information and communications technology) jobs, we tend to focus on the gender gap but miss the other challenge practically no youth see themselves in ICT careers! The 2015 PISA results showed that while ten times more Canadian boys than girls aspire to ICT work, the actual percentage of boys who do is less than four per cent. Globally, Canada is actually above the international average of two per cent. Hardly a ranking that should please us and the federal CanCode funding program should help.

As volunteer Chair of the National Leadership Taskforce on Education and Skills at Information and Communications Technology Canada (ICTC), we are working to improve digital literacy across society. We recently released ICT4All to showcase resources available across Canada and are now developing a digital literacy framework.

Amongst adults, there definitely is a gender gap in STEM careers. Women are disengaging for many complicated reasons. Policy changes are welcome and underway, including the announcement by The Hon. Kirsty Duncan, Minister of Science, to significantly improve female representation in the Canada Research Chairs program. Industry leaders are strongly encouraged to revise corporate policies and culture to enhance inclusivity and better support the participation of women.

As we celebrate Canada 150, we must not be complacent. It is critical that we look to the future and work together to ensure that all Canadians are well prepared to contribute and lead with special focus on all our kids.
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Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6For More InformationLet’s Talk Cancer is a series of full day symposia for secondary students that explores the use of science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) as an integral part of cancer research. The goal of the event is to inspire the next generation of cancer researchers by showing them how STEM sciences play a role in cancer research and show students the impact of cancer research in their communities. The day includes seminars from research professionals along with a variety of activities designed to give students hands on opportunities to learn how cancer research is performed. Last year, approximately 200 students in grades 9 12 from Kingston and the surrounding area were in attendance. Our theme for this year is Personalized Medicine. We’re excited to teach you how treatments can be tailor designed for each patient. The students will meet STEM (science, technology,
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engineering and math) leaders and engage in discussions that link classroom theory with practical problems and real world issues. All symposiums include dynamic speakers as well as hands on, minds on activities. Students will have the opportunity to interact with like minded peers and with Let’s Talk Science volunteers, who share their interest for STEM related topics.

s for the 2018 Let’s Talk Cancer are open. Please register by April 26, 2018.

Note that submitting a registration form does not guarantee you a spot in the event. We will confirm all registrations by email shortly after receiving your form. We have limited seating in our venue and will be accepting registrations on a first come, first served basis until all seats are filled.

Let’s Talk Cancer University of Ottawa

Let’s Talk Cancer University of Toronto

Let’s Talk Cancer Western University

Let’s Talk Cancer University of Windsor

Explore free online resources from CurioCity

Preparing for the Let’s Talk Cancer symposium? Planning follow up activities? CurioCity by Let’s Talk Science is a great source of free online resources for students and educators in 8 12.

View a list of all CurioCity resources related to cancer researchLooking for content related to specific programs and courses? Registered educators can access a wide range of specialized resources on CurioCity, including curriculum connections. is free and only takes a few moments!
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Sex: The thing that every guy would list as one of his three favorite things on the first day of class if he wanted to be completely honest. Apparently this might be true for a lot of girls, too, if we’re being honest here, or so I’ve been told. If that’s true, then girls are exponentially better at composing themselves and their desires than their male counterparts, for guys will occasionally lack that . what’s the word? Restraint?

This is because sex tends to play a factor in every guy’s thought process. Every thought that goes through a guy’s head passes through a sex filter. The result is the reason why guys can giggle at assortments of fruits or figure out how to make a Pollock painting seem even dirtier. And maybe it’s never lost, which is why you make grandpa sit in the corner of the booth when you go out to dinner, but it definitely tends to go into hiding as the years go on and you decide to be more “professional.” It will probably resurge with vigor around the time that adult diapers become not only fashionable, but also efficient for you, as you have no face to lose at that point and can be as dirty as you want.

Maybe it’s because it really is in our heads all the time, such an apparent part of our existence, that sex has such a dirty and irreverent status. There’s definitely a certain taboo around the very discussion of it that is only relinquished in the presence of close friends, coworkers, blogs and newspapers. Maybe it’s the idea of having to imagine two normal, not Oscar award winning people naked. Maybe it’s because the fact that you’re here means that a truly terrible reality happened some night about 21 years ago between people you know. Truly terrible. But it might also have something to do with the way in which sex has been introduced to us from the get go.

Sex before you’ve had it (not that I’ve had it, hi Mom and Dad) is put on a massively, oxygen levels are so thin I might puke into a cloud high pedestal. It’s epic, like climbing Mount Olympus with the Greek and Roman Myth teacher strapped to your back. The myth of sex is partially built around the totally inaccurate things that your friends tell you in middle school, but also around the fear that was established before you even really had a notion of what sex actually is.

Fear is an important part of sex. Not just the fear of having to deal with a natural Rubik’s cube, but also the general fear that comes with knowing about sex. I believe there’s a section in the Bible that deals exactly with the first notions of fear and sex. That part where Adam and Eve first take a bite out of the apple from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil and then God blows his whistle, takes roll and makes them sit down to watch a video titled “STDo’s and STDon’ts.” This is a custom that has been lodged into the core of our souls, an experience that silently slinks along with us, waiting for that proper age and ill fated day when your sex ed teacher rolls that dusty, near busted TV into the classroom.

These are some of our first impressions of sex. This is what molds our interpretation of an act that is seemingly more natural than the multi syllable, chain word ingredients that are put into our food that might not really be food.

With this understanding, sex became a dangerous joyride. For every frolicking step you take in the meadow of sex is a pregnancy landmine or the possibility your ding a ling could go all chameleon on you. And then it’s no more frolicking. Or so you’re supposed to some people will operate in a rabid Wack A Mole style most of their lives regardless of the repercussions.

Sex is something that dictates part of a guy’s reaction to pretty much everything. From humor to lust, it presses buttons and adds a certain color to our thoughts and actions. It’s a confusing instinct that has been presented to us in a way that tweaks our mind to be slightly averse to the act at first or at least careful, but not without reason. Chameleons can be terrifying.

S”I just really like sex.”

That was the ditsy but brave response given by a pair of tan blonde stick skinny Ugg boot wearing North Face toting girls when their Human Sexuality professor asked the hundred or so members of her class why they all had signed up for the course.

And their male classmates clapped. But that comes as no surprise.

When my roommate Katie told me this story about her classmates at the beginning of the semester, I couldn’t help but applaud them myself for their audacity, blatantly admitting their fancy for fornication in front of all of their peers.

Well, sister, don’t we all enjoy a roll in the hay.

Sex and the human affinity for it has become less and less taboo I mean, even the most “worthless” feature in the CT is writing about it especially among members of our generation. It’s everywhere, from ads in magazines,
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on late night HBO, to my personal favorite, the television show Sex and The City. (I swear, gentlemen, if you ever want to truly understand the nature of the female sex and how to get some, watch a few episodes, and believe me, you’ll achieve a new level of your game.)

But the most wonderful thing about making love is that it’s an experience that is a culmination of what you and your partner (or partners, if you’re into that kind of thing) make of it.

For example, there are different circumstances of intimacy.

There’s romantic sex where you’re whispering sweet missionary nothings into each other’s ears; break up make up sex where you physically take out your raunchy frustrations on each other in kinky positions; nostalgic “play date” sex where your “toys” come in handy; hot and raw my long distance boyfriend came to visit me sex where anything and everything goes all night long; public sex where you were just so hot for each other you had to hide behind an arbitrary pylon; and drunk sex (the goal of everyone’s Saturday night out) where you went to a party and made a random score with that drunk guy who kept pretending like he was starting at that beer spill on your jeans. The list goes on and on just like that sentence but there are so many deliciously dastardly but oh so delightful times to enjoy each other’s company.

But that can be broken down further into two make or break it distinct categories: whether it was good or bad.

Good sex is like getting an A in chemistry (pun totally intended). You do a little research, work your ass off, maybe work in a group, get a wee bit dirty and drench in sweat over the exams. And, in the end (if you’re lucky), you get to experience the sheer “ohmigawd” exhilaration that is reaching that climax of being successful and acing the class.

Bad sex (which I associate with drunk sex) on the other hand, is like a feeble attempt at trying to learn how to drive a stick shift. You feel confident in the beginning, like it’s going to be a breeze I mean, the shaft, er, shift, is conveniently located and seemingly easy to maneuver. It’s seems to be a pretty simple process. The gears are all lubed up and ready to be put into action. However, struggling to keep up with the speed and intensity of the challenge of climbing the hilly interstate that is 460 West is definitely a frustrating downer. You were screwed from the beginning, but not in the way you wanted to be.

Feel like your love life has hit a plateau in the bedroom? I have two words for you: Kama Sutra.

I swear, you’ve got to be creative and incredibly limber to attempt a page from that book, but it’s worth the couple hours a week at McComas.

If you want a good book on the topic, I recommend Cosmo’s own take on the topic. Not only are the positions hot as hell and make your pupils dilate just from looking at what the drawings are up to, but the names are hilarious.

Check out the erotic accordion. It’s bound to please.

Beyond contorting yourself into a carnal pleasurable pretzel, just remember how much you (hopefully) love the person with which you’re discussing Middle Eastern politics over pillow talk, and I’m sure that will give you the necessarily critical jump start you needed.
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The cover of a Jell O Cookbook, circa 1930, is pictured. (Photos courtesy of the Marquette Regional History Center)

A 1904 edition of Ladies Home Journal proclaimed in an ad that Jell O was America favorite dessert What is it about Jell O that we love so much? Is it the jiggle, the 101 dishes you can make with it, or is it the molds or the Jell O shots we come to love? Let take a look at its history and some fun Jell O facts as well.

Gelatin, which is the main ingredient in Jell O has been an after dinner treat for the wealthy since at least the 15th century. Gelatin is tasteless and odorless and is extracted from animal protein. After boiling hooves and bones, the liquid is strained, the fat removed and is ready for flavoring. By 1845, Peter Cooper devised a way of mass producing it and grinding it into a powder he called Gelatin. All you needed to do was to add hot water. He never really marketed the product, so the patent lapsed.

Pearl and May Wait found and obtained the patent for powdered gelatin in 1897. Since gelatin lacks taste, they combined it with syrup. They had run a cough syrup business before, so they knew something about syrups. The original four flavors they came up with were strawberry, raspberry, lemon and orange. The gelatin finally tasted good, although it was now 88 percent sugar. May named the new dessert Jell O, a combination of the words gelatin and jelly. The O was a popular trend at the time added to the end of a product brand, remember Brillo.

While the Waits may have been good at creating Jell O, they were not good at marketing it. They lacked investment capital and marketing experience. Their neighbor Frank Woodward owned Genesee Food Company and he bought the formula, patent and the name for $450. He already owned a packaged food company so selling a product was right up his alley. He began offering free samples to customers, however sales still lagged. In 1904 he decided to invest in a $336 ad in the national magazine Ladies Home Journal.

The ad featured women wearing white aprons declaring Jell O as Favorite Dessert. ads proved to be a huge success and annual sales jumped to a whopping $250,000, about $6.2 million today. Beautiful hand drawn pictures showed pantries filled with Jell O boxes and children begging for a taste. Woodward began printing recipe books for homemakers providing instructions and ideas for Jell O desserts.

Another one of his ingenious marketing ideas was to give every immigrant arriving at Ellis Island a free Jell O mold. What better way to assure future sales of the product. He also introduced the Jell O girl, a 4 year old girl played by Elizabeth King, who said can be a kid without it while holding a teapot in one hand and a Jell O package in the other.

By the 1920s Jell O was one of the most well known food brands in American history. Frank Woodward company became simply the Jell O Company. Norman Rockwell was a rising artist and he was hired to create ads for the company. One of his most famous, portrayed a young girl serving Jell O to her doll at a tea party. And if that wasn enough, with the popularity of radio, Jack Benny sang the new jingle to the world in 1934.

In 1964 Kraft Foods, a huge conglomerate, took over production. When sales started to decline in the 1970s, a 37 year old comedian named Bill Cosby was hired as a spokesperson. It worked and sales returned to former heights. The relationship between Cosby and Jell O would last for more than 30 years and is the longest standing celebrity endorsement in advertising history.

In 2001, a Utah state representative introduced State Resolution 5, declaring that Jell O brand gelatin be recognized as the favorite snack of Utah. It passed and it is now the state favorite snack food. Jell O is so popular with the Mormons, sales figures released by Kraft showed that Utah had the highest per capita Jell O consumption of anywhere else in the country. The Mormon area in Utah is often referred to as the Belt. the longtime spokesman Bill Cosby, MarketWatch predicted in 2015 that the Jell O brand might come to an end. Not so. Over the holiday season when you serve a molded Jell O salad or dessert, think of the brand interesting backstory. Everything has a history to tell.
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